Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/esurf-2021-47
https://doi.org/10.5194/esurf-2021-47

  23 Jun 2021

23 Jun 2021

Review status: a revised version of this preprint is currently under review for the journal ESurf.

Sedimentary architecture and landforms of the Late Saalian (MIS 6) ice sheet margin, offshore the Netherlands

Víctor Cartelle1, Natasha L. M. Barlow1, David M. Hodgson1, Freek S. Busschers2, Kim M. Cohen3, Bart M. L. Meijninger2, and Wessel P. van Kesteren4 Víctor Cartelle et al.
  • 1School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds, UK
  • 2TNO, Geological Survey of the Netherlands, Utrecht, The Netherlands
  • 3Faculty of Geosciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
  • 4Fugro, Nootdorp, The Netherlands

Abstract. Reconstructing the growth and decay of palaeo-ice sheets is critical to understanding the relationships between global climate and sea-level change, and to testing numerical ice sheet models. In this study, we integrate recently acquired high-resolution 2D-seismic reflection and borehole datasets from two windfarm sites offshore the Netherlands to investigate the sedimentary, geomorphological and glaciotectonic records left by the Saalian Drenthe substage glaciation, when Scandinavian land ice reached its southernmost extent in the southern North Sea (ca. 160 ka, Marine Isotope Stage 6). A complex assemblage of glaciogenic sediments and glaciotectonic structures are buried in the shallow subsurface. The northern windfarm site revealed a set of NE-SW oriented subglacial meltwater channels filled with till and glaciofluvial sediments and an E-W trending composite ridge with local evidence of intense glaciotectonic deformation that denotes the maximum limit reached by the ice. Based on the identified glacial geomorphology, we refine the mapping of the maximum ice-sheet extent offshore the Netherlands, revealing that the ice margin morphology is more complex than previously envisaged, displaying a lobate shape. Ice retreat left an unusual paraglacial landscape characterised by the progressive infilling of topographic depressions carved during the ice advance and a diffuse drainage network of outwash channels. The net direction of outwash was to the west and southwest into a nearby glacial basin. Antecedent topography influenced subglacial bed conditions, and their impact on ice dynamics during the glaciation and deglaciation stages. We demonstrate the utility of offshore windfarm data in refining palaeo ice margin limits, and the record of processes interactions preserved in buried landscapes to help inform longer-term drivers of change at low relief ice margins.

Víctor Cartelle et al.

Status: final response (author comments only)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on esurf-2021-47', Anonymous Referee #1, 09 Jul 2021
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', Victor Cartelle, 10 Sep 2021
  • RC2: 'Comment on esurf-2021-47', David Evans, 29 Jul 2021
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC2', Victor Cartelle, 10 Sep 2021

Víctor Cartelle et al.

Víctor Cartelle et al.

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Short summary
Reconstructing the growth and decay of past ice sheets is critical to understand the relationships between global climate and sea-level change. We take advantage of large windfarm datasets in the southern North Sea to investigate the buried landscapes left by ice sheet advance and retreat occurring ≈160,000 years ago. We demonstrate the utility of offshore windfarm data in refining palaeo ice sheet margin limits and providing insight into the processes influencing ice sheet dynamics.