05 Apr 2022
05 Apr 2022
Status: a revised version of this preprint was accepted for the journal ESurf.

Automated classification of seismic signals recorded on the Åknes rockslope, Western Norway, using a Convolutional Neural Network

Nadège Langet1 and Fred Marcus John Silverberg2 Nadège Langet and Fred Marcus John Silverberg
  • 1NORSAR, Gunnar Randers vei 15, N-2007 Kjeller (Norway)
  • 2The Centre for Earth Evolution and Dynamics (CEED), University of Oslo (Norway)

Abstract. A Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) was implemented to automatically classify fifteen years of seismic signals recorded by an eight-geophone network installed around the backscarp of the Åknes rockslope in Norway. Eight event classes could be identified and are adapted from the typology proposed by Provost et al. (2018), of which five could be directly related to movements on the slope. Almost 60,000 events were classified automatically based on their spectrogram images. The performance of the classifier is estimated to be close to 80 %. The statistical analysis of the results shows a strong seasonality of the microseismic activity at Åknes with an annual increase in springtime when the snow melts and the temperature oscillates around the freezing point, mainly caused by events within classes of low-frequency slopequakes and tremors. The clear link between annual temperature variations and microseismic activity could be confirmed, supporting thawing and freezing processes as the origins. Other events such as high-frequency and successive slopequakes occur throughout the year and are potentially related to the steady creep of the sliding plane. The huge variability in the annual event number cannot be solely explained by average temperatures or varying detectability of the network. Groundwater recharge processes and their response to precipitation episodes are known to be a major factor of sliding at Åknes, but the relationship with microseismic activity is less obvious and could not be demonstrated.

Nadège Langet and Fred Marcus John Silverberg

Status: final response (author comments only)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on esurf-2022-15', Anonymous Referee #1, 17 May 2022
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', Nadège Langet, 05 Jul 2022
  • RC2: 'Comment on esurf-2022-15', Wei-An Chao, 20 Jun 2022
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC2', Nadège Langet, 06 Jul 2022

Nadège Langet and Fred Marcus John Silverberg

Nadège Langet and Fred Marcus John Silverberg


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Short summary
Microseismic events recorded on the Åknes rocklospe in Norway during the past 15 years are automatically classified into eight classes. Results are analysed and compared to meteorological data, showing a strong increase of the microseismic activity in spring mainly due to freezing and thawing processes.