Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/esurf-2022-41
https://doi.org/10.5194/esurf-2022-41
 
20 Jul 2022
20 Jul 2022
Status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal ESurf.

Comparison of calibration characteristics of different acoustic impact systems for measuring bedload transport in mountain streams

Dieter Rickenman1, Lorenz Ammann1, Tobias Nicollier1, Stefan Boss1, Bruno Fritschi1, Gilles Antoniazza2,1, Nicolas Steeb1, Zheng Chen1,3,4, Carlos Wyss1,5, and Alexandre Badoux1 Dieter Rickenman et al.
  • 1Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL, Birmensdorf, 8903, Switzerland
  • 2Institute of Earth Surface Dynamics (IDYST), University of Lausanne, Lausanne, 1015, Switzerland
  • 3Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu, 610041, China
  • 4University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China
  • 5wyss.io - Dr. Carlos R. Wyss Engineering, Zürich, 8052, Switzerland

Abstract. The Swiss plate geophone (SPG) system has been installed and tested in more than 20 steep gravel-bed streams and rivers, and related studies generally resulted in rather robust calibration relations between signal impulse counts and transported bedload mass. Here, we compare this system with three alternative surrogate measuring systems. A variant of the SPG system uses the same frame (housing) set-up but with an accelerometer instead of a geophone sensor to measure the vibrations of the plate (GP-Acc, for geophone plate accelerometer). The miniplate accelerometer (MPA) system has a smaller dimension of the impact plate and is embedded in more elastomer material than the SPG system. The Japanese pipe microphone (JPM) is a 1 m long version of the system that has been installed in many streams in Japan. To compare the performance of the four systems, we used calibration measurements with direct bedload samples from three field sites and an outdoor flume facility with controlled sediment feed. At our field sites, the systems with an accelerometer and a microphone showed partly large temporal variations in the background noise level, which may have impaired the calibration measurements obtained during certain time periods. Excluding these periods, the SPG, GP-Acc and JPM all resulted in robust calibration relations, whereas the calibration of the MPA system showed a poorer performance at all sites.

Dieter Rickenman et al.

Status: open (until 14 Sep 2022)

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Dieter Rickenman et al.

Dieter Rickenman et al.

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Short summary
The Swiss plate geophone system has been installed and tested in more than 20 steep gravel-bed streams. It is an indirect bedload transport measuring system. We compare the performance of this system with three alternative surrogate measuring systems, using calibration measurements with direct bedload samples from three field sites and an outdoor flume facility. Three of the four systems resulted in robust calibration relations between signal impulse counts and transported bedload mass.