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Earth Surface Dynamics An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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ESurf | Articles | Volume 7, issue 3
Earth Surf. Dynam., 7, 879–894, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/esurf-7-879-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Earth Surf. Dynam., 7, 879–894, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/esurf-7-879-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 20 Sep 2019

Research article | 20 Sep 2019

River channel width controls blocking by slow-moving landslides in California's Franciscan mélange

Noah J. Finnegan et al.

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Cited articles

Baum, R. L., Savage, W. Z., and Wasowski, J.: Mechanics of Earthflows, in: Proceedings of the International Conference FLOWS, Sorrento, 11–13 May 2003, Italy, 2003. 
Bennett, G. L., Roering, J. J., Mackey, B. H., Handwerger, A. L., Schmidt, D. A., and Guillod, B. P.: Historic drought puts the brakes on earthflows in Northern California, Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, 5725–5731, https://doi.org/10.1002/2016GL068378, 2016a. 
Bennett, G. L., Miller, S. R., Roering, J. J., and Schmidt, D. A.: Landslides, threshold slopes, and the survival of relict terrain in the wake of the Mendocino Triple Junction, Geology, 44, 363–366, https://doi.org/10.1130/G37530.1, 2016b. 
Booth, A. M., Hurley, R., Lamb, M. P., and Andrade, J. E.: Force chains as the link between particle and bulk friction angles in granular material, Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, 8862–8869, https://doi.org/10.1002/2014GL061981, 2014. 
Brummer, C. J. and Montgomery, D. R.: Influence of coarse lag formation on the mechanics of sediment pulse dispersion in a mountain stream, Squire Creek, North Cascades, Washington, United States, Water Resour. Res., 42, W07412, https://doi.org/10.1029/2005WR004776, 2006. 
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In some settings, landslides trigger valley blockages that impound huge volumes of sediment, often drastically changing river habitat and habitability. In other settings, landslides appear to have little effect on rivers. In this study, we explore what governs the different sensitivity of rivers to blocking from landslide debris. We accomplish this by comparing two sites in California with dramatic differences in blocking from otherwise similar slow-moving landslides.
In some settings, landslides trigger valley blockages that impound huge volumes of sediment,...
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