Articles | Volume 9, issue 2
Earth Surf. Dynam., 9, 167–181, 2021
Earth Surf. Dynam., 9, 167–181, 2021

Research article 09 Mar 2021

Research article | 09 Mar 2021

Growing topography due to contrasting rock types in a tectonically dead landscape

Daniel Peifer et al.

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Cited articles

Ahnert, F.: Functional relationships between denudation, relief, and uplift in large, mid-latitude drainage basins, Am. J. Sci., 268, 243–263,, 1970. 
Alkmim, F. F. and Marshak, S.: Transamazonian orogeny in the Southern Sao Francisco craton region, Minas Gerais, Brazil: evidence for Paleoproterozoic collision and collapse in the Quadrilátero Ferrífero, Precambrian Res., 90, 29–58,, 1998.  
Alvares, C. A., Stape, J. L., Sentelhas, P. C., de Moraes Gonçalves, J. L., and Sparovek, G.: Köppen's climate classification map for Brazil, Meteorol. Z., 22, 711–728,, 2013. 
Balco, G., Stone, J. O., Lifton, N. A., and Dunai, T. J.: A complete and easily accessible means of calculating surface exposure ages or erosion rates from 10Be and 26Al measurements, Quat. Geochronol., 3, 174–195,, 2008. 
Baldwin, J. A., Whipple, K. X., and Tucker, G. E.: Implications of the shear stress river incision model for the timescale of postorogenic decay of topography, J. Geophys. Res.-Solid, 108, 1–17,, 2003. 
Short summary
Plate tectonics drive the formation of mountain ranges. Yet when tectonic forces cease, mountain ranges persist for hundreds of millions of years, forming major Earth surface features. This work presents denudation rate estimates from one such ancient mountain range that show that denudation is strongly tied to rock type. Resistant rocks denude more slowly despite having much steeper topography, and contrasts in rock type cause increasing relief in the absence of active tectonics.