Articles | Volume 10, issue 1
Earth Surf. Dynam., 10, 1–22, 2022
Earth Surf. Dynam., 10, 1–22, 2022

Research article 06 Jan 2022

Research article | 06 Jan 2022

Transmissivity and groundwater flow exert a strong influence on drainage density

Elco Luijendijk

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Cited articles

Abrams, D. M., Lobkovsky, A. E., Petroff, A. P., Straub, K. M., McElroy, B., Mohrig, D. C., Kudrolli, A., and Rothman, D. H.: Growth Laws for Channel Networks Incised by Groundwater Flow, Nat. Geosci., 2, 193–196,, 2009. a
Barkwith, A., Hurst, M. D., Jackson, C. R., Wang, L., Ellis, M. A., and Coulthard, T. J.: Simulating the Influences of Groundwater on Regional Geomorphology Using a Distributed, Dynamic, Landscape Evolution Modelling Platform, Environ. Modell. Softw., 74, 1–20,, 2015. a, b
Batelaan, O. and De Smedt, F.: SEEPAGE, a New MODFLOW DRAIN Package, Ground Water, 42, 576–88, 2004. a
Beersma, J., Hakvoort, H., Jilderda, R., Overeem, A., and Versteeg, R.: Neerslagstatistiek En -Reeksen Voor Het Waterbeheer 2019, Tech. rep., Stichting teogepast onderzoek waterbeheer, Amersfoort, 2019. a, b, c
Bloomfield, J. P., Bricker, S. H., and Newell, A. J.: Some Relationships between Lithology, Basin Form and Hydrology: A Case Study from the Thames Basin, UK, Hydrol. Process., 25, 2518–2530,, 2011. a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i
Short summary
The distance between rivers is a noticeable feature of the Earth's surface. Previous work has indicated that subsurface groundwater flow may be important for drainage density. Here, I present a new model that combines subsurface and surface water flow and erosion, and demonstrates that groundwater exerts an important control on drainage density. Streams that incise rapidly can capture the groundwater discharge of adjacent streams, which may cause these streams to become dry and stop incising.