Articles | Volume 11, issue 5
Research article
28 Sep 2023
Research article |  | 28 Sep 2023

Refining patterns of melt with forward stratigraphic models of stable Pleistocene coastlines

Patrick Boyden, Paolo Stocchi, and Alessio Rovere

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Cited articles

Austermann, J., Mitrovica, J. X., Huybers, P., and Rovere, A.: Detection of a dynamic topography signal in last interglacial sea-level records, Sci. Adv., 3, e1700457,, 2017. a
Barlow, N. L. M., McClymont, E. L., Whitehouse, P. L., Stokes, C. R., Jamieson, S. S. R., Woodroffe, S. A., Bentley, M. J., Callard, S. L., Cofaigh, C. Ó., Evans, D. J. A., Horrocks, J. R., Lloyd, J. M., Long, A. J., Margold, M., Roberts, D. H., and Sanchez-Montes, M. L.: Lack of evidence for a substantial sea-level fluctuation within the Last Interglacial, Nat. Geosci., 11, 627–634, 2018. a, b, c
Barrett, S. J. and Webster, J. M.: Holocene evolution of the Great Barrier Reef: Insights from 3D numerical modelling, Sediment. Geol., 265–266, 56–71,, 2012. a
Barrett, S. J. and Webster, J. M.: Reef Sedimentary Accretion Model (ReefSAM): Understanding coral reef evolution on Holocene time scales using 3D stratigraphic forward modelling, Mar. Geol., 391, 108–126,, 2017. a, b
Battistini, R.: Etude géomorphologique de l'Extrême-Sud de Madagascar, Ph.D. thesis, University of Madagascar, Toulouse, 1964. a
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Preservation bias often hampers the extraction of sea level changes from the stratigraphic record. In this contribution, we use a forward stratigraphic model to build three synthetic subtropical fringing reefs for a site in southwestern Madagascar (Indian Ocean). Each of the three synthetic reefs represents a different ice sheet melt scenario for the Pleistocene. We then evaluate each resultant reef sequence against the observed stratigraphic record.