Articles | Volume 12, issue 2
Research article
14 Mar 2024
Research article |  | 14 Mar 2024

Implications for the resilience of modern coastal systems derived from mesoscale barrier dynamics at Fire Island, New York

Daniel J. Ciarletta, Jennifer L. Miselis, Julie C. Bernier, and Arnell S. Forde

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Cited articles

Abam, T. K. S.: Impact of dams on the hydrology of the Niger Delta, Bull. Eng. Geol. Environ., 57, 239–251, 1999. 
Allen, J. R., LaBash, C. L., August, P. V., and Psuty, N. P.: Historical and recent shoreline changes, impacts of Moriches Inlet, and relevance to Island Breaching at Fire Island National Seashore, NY – Technical Report NPS/BSO-RNR/NRTR/2002-7 National Park Service, Boston, (last access: 25 April 2023), 2002. 
Armon, J. W. and McCann, S. B.: Morphology and landward sediment transfer in a transgressive barrier island system, southern Gulf of St. Lawrence, Canada, Mar. Geol., 31, 333–344, 1979. 
Armstrong, S. B. and Lazarus, E. D.: Masked shoreline erosion at large spatial scales as a collective effect of beach nourishment, Earth's Future, 7, 74–84, 2019. 
Art, H. W.: Ecological studies of the Sunken Forest, Fire Island National Seashore, New York, NPS Scientific Monograph No. 7, US Department of the Interior, National Park Service, (last access: 25 April 2023), 1976.  
Short summary
We reconstructed the evolution of Fire Island, a barrier island in New York, USA, to identify drivers of landscape change. Results reveal Fire Island was once divided into multiple inlet-separated islands with distinct features. Later, inlets closed, and Fire Island’s landscape became more uniform as human activities intensified. The island is now less mobile and less likely to resist and recover from storm impacts and sea level rise. This vulnerability may exist for other stabilized barriers.